Study of 991 GT3RS on the Dyno - The results may surprise you...
We recently had a US Spec 991 GT3RS in the shop and the owner was gracious enough to let us get a baseline on our dynapack hub dyno, test the catted system and install and test the race headers on his car.
991 GT3RS at Dundon for Race Header install
We've tested the 991 GT3RS previously on a friends DynoJet dyno in 40F ambient temps and saw the car made about 420-430 whp on that dyno.
We hooked the RS up on the Dynapack, put the car into Rolling Road mode with the factory PIWIS2 computer (to allow the car to run in RWD only without pulling power) and starting warming her up.
The first few pulls resulted in 396whp-400whp. Ambient temps were fine in the 50-60degree range. We logged Intake air temps and they started at 95-100F and came down to around 80-85F by the end of the pull. The slightly elevated air intake temps should have resulted in a 4-5whp loss due to air density changes. So we started digging a little deeper.
The air going through the radiators from our fans was escaping the top duct on the front fenders and that hot air was going into the fans we had setup to blow air into the side ducts. Still the air being 85-95F shouldn't kill 20-30whp...
We decided to pull the air ducts out and connect them so the air ducts face the ground and have the fans blowing directly into them pulling colder outside air directly into them.
What we saw was both interesting a bit surprising...
Dundon GT3RS Testing: Intake temps at 85-95F vs intake temps at 65F, same car, stock exhaust.
Dashed Line is 65F intake air temps, solid line is 85-95F temps
The car gained 20+whp and 20+ftlbs almost everywhere with cooler intake air, vs 80-90F intake air. As I said the air density differences between 85-95F (0.07157 lb/ft3) air and 65F air (0.07540 lb/ft3) air is only about 5%.
We also noticed the car wasn't adding any fuel like a 997 GT3RS does when the intake temps start to rise a bit, it actually limits cylinder pressure/torque.
We talked to a source at Bosch about this and were told that it's a purely emissions based response. In order to limit emissions Porsche® isn't adding fuel as the intake temps increase, but rather they're limiting torque output.
The other thing to consider is Torque and HP gains reported need to be scrutinized, as most on here do anyway, as you can make some pretty astounding before and after claims with the car when dyno's aren't shown and details are given...
Here's some examples
Below is a comparison of the 991 GT3RS with Dundon Race with 65F IAT's vs Stock at 85-90F. The ambient temps of the dyno and correction factors are the same for the 2 runs, so if someone was busy or just didn't care to look at the intake air temps, they would make the conclusion that Dundon Race headers make 50whp. This is highly misleading as the car is limiting torque output for the stock run (possibly unbeknownst to the dyno tech) and not for the Race Header run.
991 GT3RS DMS Race at 65F Intake Air Temps, vs Stock at 85-90 intake Air Temps
In our opinion, this is the proper way to report it, where the conditions are as matched as possible between the runs, even though it makes the gains lower.
991 GT3RS, Dundon Race Headers, 65F Intake Air temps for both runs
The 991 GT3RS is a sophisticated monster governed first by emissions and second by performance. Knowing this helps us to understand a little better the performance of these awesome cars!